Chicken pox is a highly contagious viral disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It can be spread via air, by direct contact or through food, water or insects. A person with chickenpox is infectious from 1-5 days before the rash appears and continues to be contagious for 4 to 5 days more after the appearance of the rash, or until all lesions have crusted over. It is usually characterized by red, itchy spots that become fluid-filled blisters and then scabs. Sometimes, it is accompanied by headache and slight fever. It is rarely fatal and resolves by itself but pregnant women should not have it as its effects on the fetus can range in severity from underdeveloped toes and fingers to severe anal and bladder malformation.
|Fluid-filled Chicken pox spots. Image by Jonny McCullagh. Wikimedia Commons.|
When dealing with chicken pox, the greatest concern I think is the itchiness. It is really frustrating to have itchiness all over the body and my son had trouble sleeping through the night and concentrating on reviewing for his exams also.
Treatment of chicken pox in children include
- Apply anti-itching lotion like calamine lotion to the rash. Some use a lotion made of baking soda with water and sponge it onto the skin of the child to ease the itching.
- Keep the child at home and isolated if possible so that he could not infect others; and
- Discourage him from scratching. If you ask me, it is quite impossible to prevent the child from scratching so be sure to cut his nails short and keep him clean.
- Older children than one year may be given antihistamine tablets or liquid medicines to help the child when he is not able to sleep because of the itching. I did give Emmuel a few doses to help lessen the itch a bit. I just don't know how much it really helped.
- Some children who are at risk of having chicken pox complications should see their doctor who might give them an antiviral medication.